Regarding lynching incidents involving American Negroes (1882 to 1960), let’s first address some myths that have proliferated over the last decade –mainly by way of the Internet.
Myth I: Prior to the Voting Rights Act (1965), it was very common, particularly in the South, for white people to round up Negro men who tried to vote … and LYNCH them. Not true. Didn’t happen. I cannot find ONE verifiable newspaper account of such an event. Perhaps one or maybe even a few incidents did occur. If so, it/they likely happened during the Reconstruction years (1865 to 1878). Of further note, in 1963, two years before the passage of the Voting Rights Act, 43% of all eligible Negroes in the South were registered to vote. And if that percent seems low, remember, this was two years prior to LBJ’s launching of his Great Society socialist programs i.e. most Negroes believed they had little reason to go to the polls and vote prior to 1963 , since – the way they saw it – there were no gov’t rewards for doing so. There were voting “irregularities” mainly in Mississippi and Texas. SOURCE: Chronological History Of The Negro (year 1963)
Myth II: More Blacks were lynched in the South because that’s where most of the racist White people lived. Not true. There was without question a determined effort in the South among White people to have the Black race live separately. However, there was, prior to 1964, nothing illegal or even immoral in this desire. One distinct people living separate from another distinct people was not just the norm in American history (up until 1964) but human history as well. Regarding lynching… When a White person was attacked (rape or murder) and the perpetrator was Black, this was seen as an attack on “the group” and White people responded more often than not with uncharacteristic ferocity. Blacks were rarely ever assaulted (rape or murder) by a White person in the South. 99.9% of the cases I have found where unprovoked violence crossed racial lines, it was Black- on-White … and the result was a raging and maddened mob out for revenge. These were the times in which they lived. The vast number of attacks by Blacks on innocent southern White people, including rape, in this type of atmosphere, boggles my mind. Again, the lynching of Blacks in the South was not about racism. It was seen as a necessary response at that time for a criminal act (usually rape and murder). Here’s another point to consider. If racism drove White people in the South to lynch the Black man…then why was lynching dying out in the mid-1930s? ( in 1935 – 18 blacks lynched ; 8 Blacks lynched in 1936 ; 8 Blacks lynched in 1937; 6 Blacks lynched in 1938; 2 Backs lynched in 1939 — no one knows how many of these Blacks were lynched by fellow Blacks). Since virtually all lynching incidents were provoked by an act of violence against a White person by a Black male, maybe Black-on-White violence dissipated to almost nothing starting in the 1930s? Hmm. I doubt it. I believe lynching died out because it lost its manly appeal – the feeling that it was every man’s responsibility to enforce the law and not just the sheriff.
Myth III: White people lynched 3,446 Negroes between 1882 and 1968. Not true. First, the lynch figure for Blacks has been reduced downward to around 3000 (LINK pg#9). Second, there is no way of knowing precisely how many of the lynched Blacks were lynched by fellow Blacks. No question about it though, White males were ready to lynch a Black male (or even a black female) for any murder, rape or sexual assault of any kind perpetrated against a White person. Those were the times in which they lived. Blacks were fully aware what crimes would provoke a lynching. After all, Blacks were lynching Blacks for the very SAME reasons. NOTE: The lynching figure for Blacks would be much, much, much higher, if it were not for White law enforcement protecting the negro criminal from a – literally – raging mob. – LINK (note the reason cited for the lynching)
MYTH IV : Blacks were so terrorized by racist white southerners they acted sheepish and frightened around them – never knowing if they’d be lynched for no reason whatsoever. Not true. Here are a few examples of black behavior in the early 1900s toward southern white people…
1. Atlanta, GA. – 1900: Black male bully sits on a white male’s lap while riding a on street car – fight ensues and the black male pulls a concealed gun and guns down the young white male. link Oh, and in the state of Georgia in 1900, the color line mandate was not being enforced, so blacks could sit anywhere they wanted.
2. Shreveport, La- 1901: Black Supremacist organization advocates violence against white people. One white male murdered. Link
3. Columbus, Ga. – 1900: Negro crawls through bedroom window of young white girl and attempts to rape her. Link
4. Columbus, Mo. 1901 – Negro rapes his employers wife…then shoots her in the head
Brother-in-law of murder victim: “I want to speak to him, how many times we cared for him and how kind Mary was to him, and ask him why he killed her. Then, when he has answered that, I want to see him burned.” Link
5. Tuscumbia, Ala. – 1901: It’s a MASSACRE – Negro petty criminal ambushes sheriff and deputy and murders both – then guns down seven more white males – four dead. Link (note: the death count was later revised)
6. Dublin, Ga. -1908: Two Negro employees invade home of white employer, beat him senseless with an ax, gang rape his wife … then slash her to pieces demanding to know the whereabouts of household money Link
Would you like to read hundreds and hundreds more ? LINK
Note: In America between 1882 and 1968 there were three recognized legitimate sources for lynching data:: Chicago Tribune, Tuskegee Institute and the NAACP. The criteria for a “lynching” (created by the NAACP) requires that four conditions exist : (1) there must be evidence that a person was killed; (2) the person must have met death illegally; (3) a group of three or more persons must have participated in the killings (to rule out personal vendettas, etc.); and (4) the group must have acted under the pretext of protecting justice or tradition. Chicago Tribune began its lynching data in 1882; Tuskegee in 1892; NAACP sometime after 1913.
We’ll now look at some examples of Negroes lynching Negroes. Note that there are no signs on the hanging bodies, no crowds gathered around the photo, nor is there an identity given (except in one case) for the victim(s).
- This Negro (white pants) was found dangling by a white person. It is another example of Negroes lynching a Negro –unknown person and unknown offense. A white male rushed home to get his camera to snap this pic before authorities removed the body. Police also believed suicide was a possibility , since the Negro’s hands were not tied.
2. Lynched By Negroes: Ernest Harrison, Sam Reed, and Frank Howard –1911, Wickliffe, Kentucky. Offense: Murder/Robbery
3. Here is a black man found dangling by white people. The tell-tale sign Negroes lynched him is that there is no identity given for the Negro … and no reason given for the lynching i.e. his purported crime.
4. To the right is a postcard with four young black males clearly lynched. However, it was falsely claimed (deliberately by white people) on the postcard that white people hung these black males for a gang rape of a white female in Georgia. The reasoning for making the false claim was likely to intimidate would-be Negro rapists from attacking white females. These blacks were actually hung in Kentucky by fellow blacks in 1908, most likely for a murder or gang rape of a Negro. Note: Could be white male vigilantes hung these four (possible names: John Jones, Virgil Jones, John Boyer, Joe Riley). The four were implicated in the murder of a white male.
5. The Negro RAPIST was a CONSTANT menace to the Americans and Negroes. Here we have another unknown Negro found by white people, who was lynched and riddled with bullets by fellow Negroes. Had this Negro raped and/or murdered a white person, white males would have gathered by the dozens, or hundreds, his name would be known to the local press, and a picture would have been taken immediately after the lynching depicting all the proud [white] participants. Also, note how the black male is holding his groin area. This seems to be indicating that he was protecting this area when shot. This tells us that this Negro was most likely a rapist and the Negro shooters were deliberately shooting at his groin. Pic is circa 1915
6. Note how this unknown Negro is hung by two chains pieced together. This man, found dangling by white people, was obviously lynched by poor blacks who didn’t have a rope. If you enlarge the photo you can see what a haphazard and clumsy job the lynchers did tying the chains together. One can only imagine how long this Negro had to wait while his [black] lynchers tried to figure out a way to fasten the two chains together.
7. The scarred Negro here was most likely a slave owned by one of the largest slaveholders in the state of Louisiana, a Negro woman named C. Richards (he wandered into a Union Army camp not far from her plantation). The widowed Negro, along with her son, P.C. Richards, owned a large (and very profitable) Louisiana sugar plantation and had a stable of 152 Negro slaves. There was a story circulated – by Harpers Weekly magazine – in 1863 that claimed this slave, who went by the name of Gordon, was whipped because he was a runaway. However, no evidence exists to substantiate this “story.” It could be that Gordon committed a very serious crime (most likely against a fellow Negro) for which he was punished. Gordon escaped from his plantation in the spring of 1863 and, after a ten day journey, found sanctuary among [white] Union troops. Note: If the scars on Gordon’s back did come from a whip, the most likely perpetrator would be the Negro overseer (slave-driver). There is also a claim that Gordon was in the service of the US Army ‘colored’ regiment, however, no record exists to substantiate this claim either. Highly unlikely this Negro would flee the slavery of one place (a plantation) and volunteer for de facto slavery in another (US Army). Gorgon could very likely have been a lazy Negro who not only didn’t like to work but also didn’t like taking orders. Gordon’s actual whereabouts after this pic was taken are unknown. And one finale observation. Gordon’s back scars, which look like they’ve healed many , many, many years prior to the photo, could also be from (indeed, looks very likely) a burn injury. Perhaps thru an accident some hot grease or water spilled on him when he was a young lad. Of course, there would be NO story for Harper’s Weekly magazine if that version was reported. Point is, there is no credible evidence that Gordon’s back scars are from a whip.
MORE Blacks Lynching Blacks
The Texas “Ax Man” Murders
Between January 1911 and April 1912, Negro male(s) lynched / murdered 49 mulatto people, or families with mulattoes in them, in Texas and Louisiana. At this time in American history, it is the largest – by far – for racial hate killings. And it was all perpetrated by a Negro (or Negroes) because he/ they didn’t like the color of the person. The perp(s) were never caught…and all the murders / lynchings appeared on the Tuskegee Lynching Report…and were attributed to white males. SOURCE
Carroll Country, Ga. – 1884
Negro Rapes Negro Girl – Mob Forms At County Jail…Seizes Negro then Lynches Him
Rapist: Jack Johnson Source
Charlotte, N.Carolina – 1903
Negro Teen Rapes 10-Year-Old Negro Girl – Mob Forms And Chases Negro Fiend
Note: The negro child rapist, John Ruffin, 16, it seems was able to make it to the white sheriff and thereby escape a lynching at the hands of his own people. Had he not made it to the white sheriff Ruffin would have become just another unidentified hanging black man. source
Shreveport, La. 1903
Negro Mob Seizes Negro Murder From White Sheriff And Lynches Him
A vicious Negro that went by the name of Joseph Craddock, committed one of the most gruesome and horrendous massacres in the history to date of Shreveport, La. Three Negroes were murdered – by ax- and one seriously wounded but survived. Either the sheriff made the arrest of the Negro or he walked over to the sheriff and offered himself up for arrest. Either way, a large mob of Negroes gathered at the jail and demanded the fiend’s be given over to them. The sheriff, believing it was a “Negro matter”, let the Negroes haul the murderer out of his jail. He was taken to the outskirts of town and there lynched. Source (bottom of pg.)
Brooklyn, E. St.Louis 1903
Negro Sexual Predator Barely Escapes Lynching By His Own People – White Sheriff Whisked Him To Another County
** No name of black perp given. source
St. Louis, Mo 1903
Negro Sexual Assault Against 10-Year-Old Negro Child Results In Negro Mob Storming Jail
Negro : Will Carter source
St. Louis, MO 1903
White Sheriff And His Deputies Risk Their Lives To Save Negro Murderer From Raging Negro Mob
Note: The Negro, John Davis, had killed his wife which for unknown reason(s) caused a riotous mood upon the local Negro community. The Negro was successfully saved from a lynching by white law enforcement. Source
St. Louis, MO – 1903
Negroes Storm Jail and Overpower Sheriff…Lynch Negro Who Raped Two Negro Children (ages 5 & 10)
Bristol, TN 1904
Negro Mob Makes Second Effort To Seize Negro Murderer From White Sheriff
Finley Preston Source
Springfield, OH 1904
Negro Mob Attempts To Storm Jail To Get At Negro Prisoner – White Sheriff And Deputies Risk Their Lives And Successfully Protect Negro Source
Guthrie, Ky 1904
Negro Mob Seizes Negro Murderer And Lynches Him
Negro: Lewis Radford source
Bainbridge, Ga. – 1905
Negro Mob Lynches Negro Rapist
Note: No other details known about this Negro lynching.
Boyle, Miss. – 1905
Negro Sexually Assaults 8-Year-Old Negro Girl – Negro Mob Seizes Negro Rapist From Sheriff (He’d fled to the sheriff for protection from his own people) …Negro Rapist Eventually Lynched
Negro Rapist: Jim Green source
Winnesnoro, La. 1906
Negro Massacres Family Members – Negroes With Bloodhounds Hunting Him Down To Lynch Him
Note: Negro murdered three Negroes and seriously injured a forth.
Negro: Noah McLondon source
Dallas, TX 1906
Negro Rapes 16-Year-Old Negro Girl – Lynched By Negroes
Note:Negro rapist was dragged around by a rope tied to his neck –died of strangulation.
Negro Rapist: Anthony Davis source
Trenton, S. Carolina 1907
Negroes Lynch Negro – Guilty Of Home Invasion – Murdered Negro
Negro Lynched: George Hudson source
Olive Branch, Miss. — 1907
Negroes Seize Negro Murderer From Sheriff…Then Lynch Him
Negro: Andrew Trice source
Hernando, Miss. – 1908
Negroes Lynch Negro – Negro Attempted To Steal Cotton From Another Negro
Negro Lynched: W.J. Jackson
Note: Seems a rather petty crime here to lynch someone for. One has to wonder how many other petty crimes for which negroes lynched a fellow negro. It should also be noted that the only way the negro name is known here is because he most likely came into the possession of the white sheriff and his name was recorded. The article seems to imply that was case.
Glen Flora, TX 1908
Negro Raped Young Negro Girl – Mob Seizes Him from Sheriff… And Then Lynches Him
Negro Rapist: Benny Price, 30 source
Shelby, Miss. – 1911
Negroes Lynch Negro – Murdered Elderly Negro
Lynched: Alfred Johnson
Negro Victim: Hamp Moore source
New Deli La. 1911
Negroes Lynch Negro Murderer
**No name given for negro or his victim, nor motive for the murder.
Cedar Crosssing Ga. 1912
Negroes Lynch A Negroes – (Like So Many) Unknown Name- Unknown Offense source
Kansas City, KS 1913
Negro Mob Attempts To Storm Jail To Lynch Negro Who Murdered His Wife – White Police Officers Risk Their Lives To Prevent Lynching
Negro Murderer: Wesley Robinson source
Drew, Mass. 1913
Negro Murders Two Negro Females – Lynched By Negroes
Lynched: Willie Webb source
Charleston, MO: 1915
Negro Attacks White Supervisor – Negroes Gather And Attempt To Lynch Him
Starkville, Miss. 1915
It’s A Lynch “Circus” — 1000s Of Whites & Blacks Gather In Festive Mood To Watch Two Negro Demons Get Lynched – Negro Demons Even Ask Women To Sing Gay Hymns For Them
Note: Names of the lynched were not given; nor were their victims names given. Most likely, these Negroes committed their heinous crimes against fellow Negroes. source
Augusta, Ga. 1919
Negroes Lynch Negro After He Murders His Wife – Negroes Then Burn Body
Negro: Bennie Richards
Note: The sheriff and his deputy chased the Negro and received superficial wounds in a gun battle. No racial identity was given for the mob responsible for the lynching, however,since the only murdered person was a Negro, stands to reason the mob was most likely black. source
Jackson, Miss. 1920
Negroes Lynch Negro Preacher – Negro Preacher Was Accused Of Murder Of 14-Year-Old Negro Girl Lynched
Negro: Coleman Brown
Hattiesburg, Miss. 1921
Negro Lynched By Negroes – Murdered Negro Female
Negro: Arthur Jennings
Note: No Other Information available. source
Decatur County, GA, 1930s
Negroes Seize Negro Rapist And Lynch Him
Tok Seabwright, a Negro rapist, for sexual assaults on two young black girls, was taken from [white] county officials by a black mob, lynched, then blacks riddled the corpse with bullets.
Baltimore, MD 1922
1000 Negroes Descend On City Jail To Lynch Negro Murderer – Two Negroes Serious Wounded – White Police Officers Intervene To Prevent Lynching
Negro: Bishope Hawkins Negro Victim: Ethal Sterling
South Carolina Lynching Law … Exposes Blacks As The Major Perpetrators Of Lynching In The State
A tough anti-lynching law, passed at the insistence of white males in 1951, after the lynching of a black male murderer of a white taxi driver, has revealed that blacks have been the racial group responsible for the vast majority of lynchings in the state — Blacks have been arrested for 67% of all the lynching since 1952. Shocked? Honestly, I am not at all shocked. Blacks have been the major source of violence in America since they began their migration to the Anglo-created urban centers beginning in circa 1900. I have documented this violence HERE & HERE